Surveillance is the close observation of a person, place, or object. It is the practice of watching a subject in order to document the interactions or whereabouts of the subject.
Common Types of Surveillance
There are a variety of ways to carry out surveillance, including
the use of electronics, physical observation, conducting
interviews, and using technology.
Physical ObservationPhysical Observation is when investigators physically follow orwatch a subject. This can potentially involve disguises, stakeoutsand multiple investigators.InterviewsInterviews are conducted by investigators to discover as muchinformation as possible about the subject. The people interviewedcould include family members, neighbors, friends, or coworkers.TechnicalTechnical Surveillance encompasses digital photography and video/audio recordings. Examples of these are surveillancecameras used by businesses and dash cameras used by bothpolice officers and private investigators..ElectronicElectronic Surveillance is the type of documentation private investigators most often use. It involves utilizing devices like television, wiretapping, and radios to document activity. It also includes monitoring an individual’s use of their phones,email, and social media.
Surveillance MethodsAlong with types of surveillance, there are different tactics used by investigators in order to obtain information.Overt vs. CovertAn example of overt investigation includes the security cameras businesses use that deter clients from stealing. Covert investigation, however, is undetected, like an undercover detective trailing a subjectMobile vs. StationaryMobile investigation involves detectives following their subjects, whether on foot or in a vehicle. Stationary investigation is remaining in one location, which could include watching the subject from a parked car.
Mechanical vs. HumanMechanical investigation is the use of video cameras, voice recorders, and other such equipment. Human investigation is when a member of the investigative team is a direct source of information.
Can I Use Home Surveillance Systems?New privacy laws mean that inspection via audio and video equipment can be restricted when not performed by a private investigator. However, as long as you’re not using this equipment to monitor people (cheating spouses, dishonest caretakers,etc.) without their permission, you can use surveillance to keep your home safe.For more information about the basics of surveillance and the process involved, investigate for yourself what an industry professional has to say. A professional investigator is licensed and insured to gather evidence through audio and video equipment. Since private investigators are trained in current laws and often work with police investigations, you don’t have to worry about legal impediments or getting burned when you entrust your investigative needs to a professional. They are also familiar with the particulars of surveillance, how the investigation is conducted and information collected, which allows their findings to stand up in court.
WHEN IS SURVEILLANCE USED
Why Conduct Surveillance?
There are a variety of reasons, from investigating crime to locating an individual, to conduct a surveillance investigation.
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